STATE OF CONNECTICUT

Is a license required? The State of Connecticut does not require a license for loan modifications, however it does require a license for anyone who brokers a mortgage.
State specific loan modification law? None.
Advantages of becoming a licensed Mortgage Broker? No advantages, there is no alternative, loan modification services must be licensed as mortgage brokers.A mortgage broker is subject to Connecticut Statutes Chapter 668, Sec. 36a-486(Attached as Schedule A) which states that “no person shall engage in the business of making mortgage loans or act as a mortgage broker in this state unless such person has first obtained the required license.”

Sec. 36a-485.6 defines a mortgage broker as “a person who, for a fee, commission or other valuable consideration, directly or indirectly, negotiates, solicits, arranges, places or finds a mortgage loan that is to be made by a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender, whether or not the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender are required to be licensed”

 

Penalties for operating in the state without a license:  Sec. 36a-546 states that anyone who acts without a license be fined no more than $5,000 or imprisoned for 6 months, or both. 
Is an advanced fee permitted?   Yes. 

Sec. 36a-498(a) states that advance fees are refundable, however Sec. 36a-498(c) states that a client can waive their right to a refund if they sign an agreement with the mortgage broker.

 

Restrictions on the amount of advance fees were repealed in 2008, based on the legislative history it looks like there could be new laws in the future which regulate the amount of advanced fees, but it seems unlikely that advance fees would be banned. There are no bills about the issue at present.

Is a written agreement required? No. 

 

 

Other noteworthy information? None. 

 

Connecticut Statutes Ctrl + Click HereChapter 668:

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Licensing requirements for loan modification:

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SCHEDULE A

CHAPTER 668
NONDEPOSITORY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Table of Contents

Sec. 36a-485. (Formerly Sec. 36-440). Definitions.
Sec. 36a-486. (Formerly Sec. 36-440a). License required. Violations.
Sec. 36a-487. (Formerly Sec. 36-440b). Exemptions from licensure.
Sec. 36a-488. (Formerly Sec. 36-440c). Mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker licenses. Requirements.
Sec. 36a-489. (Formerly Sec. 36-440d). Issuance of licenses. Denial of licenses.
Sec. 36a-490. (Formerly Sec. 36-440e). License. Requirements for filing information with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System.
Sec. 36a-491. (Formerly Sec. 36-440f). Expiration of licenses. Applications for renewal. Fees.
Sec. 36a-492. (Formerly Sec. 36-440g). Surety bond required. Cancellation of bond. Notice.
Sec. 36a-493. (Formerly Sec. 36-440h). Records to be maintained by licensee.
Sec. 36a-494. (Formerly Sec. 36-440i). Suspension, revocation or refusal to renew license or taking of other action.
Sec. 36a-495. (Formerly Sec. 36-440j). Regulations.
Sec. 36a-496. (Formerly Sec. 36-440k). Applications and referrals from unlicensed mortgage brokers or loan originators.
Sec. 36a-497. (Formerly Sec. 36-440l). Advertisements.
Sec. 36a-498. (Formerly Sec. 36-440m). Refundability of advance fees. Exceptions. Prohibited acts by mortgage lenders, correspondent lenders, brokers and loan originators re borrowers.
Sec. 36a-498a. Prepaid finance charges; restrictions. Secondary mortgage loan; demand for payment prior to maturity; liability for noncompliance; deed.
Sec. 36a-498b. Release of secondary mortgage. Notice of outstanding balance of obligation secured by secondary mortgage.
Sec. 36a-498c. Adoption of mortgage loan policy with respect to subprime mortgage loans and nontraditional mortgage loans.
Secs. 36a-499 to 36a-509.
Sec. 36a-510. (Formerly Sec. 36-224a). Definitions.
Sec. 36a-511. (Formerly Sec. 36-224b). License required. Violations.
Sec. 36a-512. (Formerly Sec. 36-224c). Persons exempt from license requirement.
Sec. 36a-513. (Formerly Sec. 36-224d). License as secondary mortgage lender, secondary mortgage correspondent lender or secondary mortgage broker. Prerequisites. Application for license. Denial of application for license.
Sec. 36a-514. (Formerly Sec. 36-224e). License and processing fees. Expiration of licenses. Fees nonrefundable.
Sec. 36a-515. (Formerly Sec. 36-224f). License.
Sec. 36a-516. (Formerly Sec. 36-224g). Records to be maintained by licensee.
Sec. 36a-517. (Formerly Sec. 36-224h). Suspension, revocation or refusal to renew license or taking of other action.
Sec. 36a-518. (Formerly Sec. 36-224i). Regulations.
Sec. 36a-519. (Formerly Sec. 36-224j). Prepayment penalties.
Sec. 36a-520. (Formerly Sec. 36-224k). Release of secondary mortgage. Notice of loan balance.
Sec. 36a-521. (Formerly Sec. 36-224l). Limitation on prepaid finance charges. Demand for payment prior to maturity. Liability of mortgage lender to borrower for noncompliance. Refundability of advance fees. Exceptions. Prohibited acts by mor
Sec. 36a-522. (Formerly Sec. 36-224m). Mortgage deeds.
Sec. 36a-523. (Formerly Sec. 36-224n). Applications and referrals from unlicensed secondary mortgage brokers or originators.
Sec. 36a-524. (Formerly Sec. 36-224o). Advertisements.
Secs. 36a-525 to 36a-534.
Sec. 36a-534a. Notice of discriminatory lending practices. Violation as grounds for license suspension, revocation or nonrenewal.
Sec. 36a-534b. Participation in Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System. Transition period.
Sec. 36a-534c. Annual reports re Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System.

PART I
MORTGAGE LENDERS, CORRESPONDENT LENDERS, BROKERS AND LOAN ORIGINATORS

(A)

LICENSES. LOANS

Sec. 36a-485. (Formerly Sec. 36-440). Definitions. As used in this section and sections 36a-486 to 36a-498a, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) “Advance fee” means any consideration paid or given, directly or indirectly, to a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, prior to the closing of a mortgage loan to any person, including, but not limited to, loan fees, points, broker’s fees or commissions, transaction fees or similar prepaid finance charges;

(2) “Advertise” or “advertisement” means the use of any announcement, statement, assertion or representation that is placed before the public in a newspaper, magazine or other publication, or in the form of a notice, circular, pamphlet, letter or poster or over any radio or television station, by means of the Internet, or by other electronic means of distributing information, by personal contact, or in any other way;

(3) “Branch office” means a location other than the main office at which a licensee or any person on behalf of a licensee acts as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker;

(4) “First mortgage loan” means a loan or an extension of credit, including, but not limited to, an extension of credit pursuant to a contract or an assigned contract for the sale of goods or services, made to a natural person, the proceeds of which are to be used primarily for personal, family or household purposes, and which is secured by a first mortgage upon any interest in one-to-four-family owner-occupied residential property located in this state which is not subject to any prior mortgages and includes the renewal or refinancing of an existing first mortgage loan;

(5) “Main office” means the main address designated on the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System;

(6) “Mortgage broker” means a person who, for a fee, commission or other valuable consideration, directly or indirectly, negotiates, solicits, arranges, places or finds a mortgage loan that is to be made by a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender, whether or not the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender are required to be licensed under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive;

(7) “Mortgage correspondent lender” means a person engaged in the business of making mortgage loans in such person’s own name where the loans are not held by such person for more than ninety days and are funded by another person through a warehouse agreement, table funding agreement or similar agreement;

(8) “Mortgage lender” means a person engaged in the business of making mortgage loans in such person’s own name utilizing such person’s own funds or by funding loans through a warehouse agreement, table funding agreement or similar agreement;

(9) “Mortgage loan” means a first mortgage loan or secondary mortgage loan;

(10) “Mortgage loan originator” means an individual who is employed or retained by, or otherwise acts on behalf of, a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee who, for, or with the expectation of, a fee, commission or other valuable consideration, takes an application for or negotiates, solicits, arranges or finds a mortgage loan. “Mortgage loan originator” does not include (1) an officer, if the licensee is a corporation; a general partner, if the licensee is a partnership; a member, if the licensee is a limited liability company; or a sole proprietor, if the licensee is a sole proprietorship, or (2) an individual whose responsibilities are limited to clerical and administrative tasks and who does not solicit borrowers, arrange or find mortgage loans, take applications or negotiate the terms of loans;

(11) “Office” means a branch office or a main office;

(12) “Principal amount of the loan” means the gross amount the borrower is obligated to repay including any prepaid finance charge that is financed, and any other charge that is financed;

(13) “Residential property” means improved real property used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, for residential purposes;

(14) “Secondary mortgage loan” means (A) a loan or an extension of credit, including, but not limited to, an extension of credit pursuant to a contract or an assigned contract for the sale of goods or services, made to a natural person, the proceeds of which are to be used primarily for personal, family or household purposes, and that is secured, in whole or in part, by a mortgage upon any interest in one-to-four-family owner-occupied residential property located in this state, provided such property is subject to one or more prior mortgages, and (B) the renewal or refinancing of any existing loan or extension of credit described in subparagraph (A) of this subdivision;

(15) “Simulated check” means a document that imitates or resembles a check but is not a negotiable instrument;

(16) “Table funding agreement” means an agreement wherein a person agrees to fund mortgage loans to be made in another person’s name and to purchase such loans after they are made; and

(17) “Warehouse agreement” means an agreement to provide credit to a person to enable the person to have funds to make mortgage loans and hold such loans pending sale to other persons.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 1; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 89-347, S. 9; P.A. 92-12, S. 87; 92-132, S. 3, 5; P.A. 94-122, S. 229, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 23; 99-63, S. 2; P.A. 02-111, S. 2; P.A. 04-69, S. 1; P.A. 07-91, S. 1; 07-156, S. 4; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 38.)

History: (Revisor’s note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 “banking commissioner” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “commissioner of banking”); P.A. 89-347 added Subsec. (g) defining “mortgage broker”; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs. and made technical changes; P.A. 92-132 added Subdiv. (8) defining “advance fee”; P.A. 94-122 deleted definitions of “commissioner” and “person”, alphabetized remaining definitions and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440 transferred to Sec. 36a-485 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made a technical change; P.A. 99-63 amended Subdiv. (2) to redefine “first mortgage loan”, added new Subdivs. (7) and (8) defining “simulated check” and “advertise” or “advertisement”, and made technical changes; P.A. 02-111 redefined “advance fee” and “mortgage lender”, deleted definitions of “mortgage broker” and “principal officer” and added definitions of “first mortgage broker”, “first mortgage correspondent lender”, “first mortgage lender”, “originator”, “table funding agreement” and “warehouse agreement”, renumbering Subdivs. accordingly; P.A. 04-69 substituted “36a-498a” for “36a-498” throughout; P.A. 07-91 redefined “originator” in Subdiv. (8); P.A. 07-156 redefined “advance fee” in Subdiv. (1) to delete “or registered”, and redefined “originator” in Subdiv. (8) to insert “mortgage lender or first mortgage broker” re exclusion for officer, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 4, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, redefined “advertise” or “advertisement” and “mortgage lender”, deleted definitions of “first mortgage broker”, “first mortgage correspondent lender” and “first mortgage lender”, added definitions of “branch office”, “main office”, “mortgage broker”, “mortgage correspondent lender”, “mortgage loan”, “office”, “principal amount of the loan”, and “secondary mortgage loan”, changed defined term “originator” to “mortgage loan originator” and added arrange or find mortgage loans therein, renumbered existing Subdivs. (6), (8), (9), (10), (11) and (12) as new Subdivs. (4), (10), (13), (15), (16) and (17), respectively, and made conforming and technical changes, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-486. (Formerly Sec. 36-440a). License required. Violations. (a) No person shall engage in the business of making mortgage loans or act as a mortgage broker in this state unless such person has first obtained the required license for its main office and each branch office where such business is conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive. A person, other than a licensed mortgage loan originator acting on behalf of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker, that employs or retains such mortgage loan originator, shall be deemed to be engaged in the business of making mortgage loans if such person advertises, causes to be advertised, solicits, offers to make or makes mortgage loans, either directly or indirectly. A mortgage correspondent lender shall not be deemed to be acting as a mortgage lender if such mortgage correspondent lender makes a loan utilizing its own funds in a situation where another person does not honor such person’s commitment to fund the loan.

(b) No person licensed as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker shall employ or retain a mortgage loan originator unless such mortgage loan originator is licensed under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive. No individual may act as a mortgage loan originator without being licensed, or act as a mortgage loan originator for more than one person. The license of a mortgage loan originator is not effective during any period when such mortgage loan originator is not associated with a licensed mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker. Either the mortgage loan originator or the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker may file a notification of the termination of employment of a mortgage loan originator with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System.

(c) Each mortgage loan negotiated, solicited, arranged, placed, found or made without a license shall constitute a separate violation for purposes of section 36a-50.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 2; P.A. 89-347, S. 10; P.A. 93-32; P.A. 94-122, S. 230, 340; P.A. 96-71, S. 1, 8; 96-109, S. 10; 96-180, S. 117, 166; P.A. 02-111, S. 3; P.A. 04-69, S. 2; P.A. 07-156, S. 5; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 40.)

History: P.A. 89-347 added requirements re mortgage brokers; P.A. 93-32 made previous provision Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) imposing civil penalty for those who do not obtain the license required; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440a transferred to Sec. 36a-486 in 1995; P.A. 96-71, 96-109 and 96-180 all amended Subsec. (a) to delete “loan” before “mortgage loan business in this state”, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by rewriting provisions applicable to lenders and brokers and adding provisions re first mortgage correspondent lenders, added new Subsec. (b) re registration of originators, and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c), adding “or registration” therein; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to substitute “36a-498a” for “36a-498”; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to replace registration requirement for originators with licensing requirement and to make conforming changes, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 5, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add reference to main office and each branch office, to provide that a person, other than a mortgage loan originator, “shall be deemed to be engaged in the business of making mortgage loans if such person advertises, causes to be advertised, solicits, offers to make or makes mortgage loans, either directly or indirectly”, and to make conforming changes, amended Subsec. (b) to add mortgage correspondent lender, to change notification provision from “shall promptly notify the commissioner, in writing” to “may file” with Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (c) to add “arranged” and to make a conforming change, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-487. (Formerly Sec. 36-440b). Exemptions from licensure. The following are exempt from licensing under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive:

(1) Any bank, out-of-state bank, Connecticut credit union, federal credit union, or out-of-state credit union, provided subsidiaries of such institutions other than operating subsidiaries of federal banks and federally-chartered out-of-state banks are not exempt from licensure;

(2) Persons making five or fewer mortgage loans within any period of twelve consecutive months, provided nothing herein shall relieve such persons from complying with all applicable laws;

(3) Bona fide nonprofit corporations making mortgage loans to promote home ownership for the economically disadvantaged;

(4) Agencies of the federal government, or any state or municipal government, or any quasi-governmental agency making mortgage loans under the specific authority of the laws of any state or the United States;

(5) Persons licensed under sections 36a-555 to 36a-573, inclusive, when making mortgage loans authorized by said sections;

(6) Persons owning real property who take back from the buyer of such property a secondary mortgage loan in lieu of any portion of the purchase price of the property;

(7) Any corporation or its affiliate which makes mortgage loans exclusively for the benefit of its employees or agents;

(8) Any corporation, licensed in accordance with section 38a-41, or its affiliate or subsidiary, which makes mortgage loans to promote home ownership in urban areas;

(9) Persons acting as fiduciaries with respect to any employee pension benefit plan qualified under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, who make mortgage loans solely to plan participants from plan assets; and

(10) Persons making secondary mortgage loans to individuals related to the maker by blood or marriage.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 3; P.A. 88-65, S. 37; P.A. 89-211, S. 41; P.A. 92-12, S. 88; P.A. 94-122, S. 231, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 24; P.A. 02-111, S. 4; P.A. 04-69, S. 3; P.A. 08-176, S. 41.)

History: P.A. 88-65 deleted a reference to industrial bank in Subsec. (a); P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs.; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440b transferred to Sec. 36a-487 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made a technical change; P.A. 02-111 amended Subdivs. (2), (3) and (4) by substituting “making” for “granting”, amended Subdiv. (6) by changing “licensed lender” to “licensed mortgage lender” and amended Subdiv. (8) by substituting “makes” for “grants”; P.A. 04-69 substituted “36a-498a” for “36a-498”; P.A. 08-176 amended Subdiv. (1) to add reference to operating subsidiaries of federal banks and federally-chartered out-of-state banks, amended Subdiv. (2) to add “provided nothing herein shall relieve such persons from complying with all applicable laws”, amended Subdiv. (6) to replace former provision with provision re owners who take back a secondary mortgage loan in lieu of any portion of purchase price, added Subdiv. (10) re making of secondary mortgage loans to relatives, and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-488. (Formerly Sec. 36-440c). Mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker licenses. Requirements. (a)(1) The commissioner shall not issue a mortgage lender license, a mortgage correspondent lender license or a mortgage broker license to any person unless such person meets the following tangible net worth and experience requirements, as applicable: (A) The minimum tangible net worth requirement for a mortgage lender shall be two hundred fifty thousand dollars and the minimum tangible net worth requirement for a mortgage correspondent lender and a mortgage broker shall be (i) prior to March 2, 2009, twenty-five thousand dollars, and (ii) on and after March 2, 2009, fifty thousand dollars, and (B) a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker shall have, at the main office for which the license is sought, a qualified individual with supervisory authority over the lending or brokerage activities who has at least three years’ experience in the mortgage business within the five years immediately preceding the application for the license, and at each branch office, the lender or broker shall have a branch manager with supervisory authority over the lending or brokerage activities who has at least three years’ experience in the mortgage business within the five years immediately preceding the application for the license. As used in this subdivision, “experience in the mortgage business” means paid experience in the origination, processing or underwriting of mortgage loans, the marketing of such loans in the secondary market or in the supervision of such activities, or any other relevant experience as determined by the commissioner.

(2) Each licensee shall maintain the net worth required by this subsection and shall promptly notify the commissioner if such licensee’s net worth falls below the net worth required by this subsection.

(b) The commissioner may issue a mortgage lender license, a mortgage correspondent lender license, or a mortgage broker license. Each mortgage lender licensee may also act as a mortgage correspondent lender and a mortgage broker, and each mortgage correspondent lender licensee may also act as a mortgage broker. On and after July 1, 2008, an application for a license as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker office or renewal of such license shall be filed with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and the following supplementary information shall be filed directly with the commissioner: (1) In the case of an application for a license for the main office or renewal of such license, a financial statement as of a date not more than twelve months prior to the filing of the application which reflects tangible net worth, and if such financial statement is unaudited, the proprietor, general partner, or duly authorized officer, trustee or member shall swear to its accuracy under oath before a notary public; (2) a bond as required by section 36a-492; (3) evidence that the qualified individual or branch manager meets the experience required by subsection (a) of this section; and (4) such other information pertaining to the applicant, the applicant’s background, the background of its principals, employees, and mortgage loan originators, and the applicant’s activities as the commissioner may require. For the purpose of this subsection, evidence of experience of the qualified individual or branch manager shall include: (A) A statement specifying the duties and responsibilities of such person’s employment, the term of employment, including month and year, and the name, address and telephone number of a supervisor, employer or, if self-employed, a business reference; and (B) if required by the commissioner, copies of W-2 forms, 1099 tax forms or, if self-employed, 1120 corporate tax returns, signed letters from the employer on the employer’s letterhead verifying such person’s duties and responsibilities and term of employment including month and year, and if such person is unable to provide such letters, other proof satisfactory to the commissioner that such person meets the experience requirement. The commissioner may conduct a criminal history records check of the applicant, of each member, partner, officer or director of the applicant and of the person with supervisory authority at the office for which the license is sought, and require the applicant to submit the fingerprints of such persons as part of the application. The applicant shall submit such fingerprints for processing with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System, as required.

(c) On and after July 1, 2008, an application to license a person as a mortgage loan originator for a specified office or renewal of such license shall be filed with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System. The applicant shall submit such fingerprints for processing with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System, as required.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 4; P.A. 89-347, S. 11; P.A. 94-122, S. 232, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 25; P.A. 02-111, S. 5; P.A. 06-45, S. 1; P.A. 07-91, S. 2; 07-156, S. 6; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 42.)

History: P.A. 89-347 amended Subsec. (b) by inserting new Subdiv. (4) re the applicant’s status as a lender or a broker and renumbered the remaining Subdiv.; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440c transferred to Sec. 36a-488 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made a technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 02-111 replaced former Subsec. (a) with new provisions re obtaining license as first mortgage lender, first mortgage correspondent lender or first mortgage broker and re obligation to notify commissioner if net worth falls below requisite net worth, amended Subsec. (b) to reflect commissioner’s authority to issue first mortgage lender license, first mortgage correspondent lender license and first mortgage broker license and to revise application requirements and added new Subsec. (c) re application for registration of originator; P.A. 06-45 added Subsec. (d) to provide that filing application for registration of originator with knowledge that application contains a material misstatement by originator shall be a violation of Sec. 36a-53a, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (d) to provide that filing application for renewal of registration of originator with knowledge that application contains a material misstatement by originator shall be a violation of Sec. 36a-53a; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to delete proviso re inapplicability of experience requirements to any person whose license is renewed effective October 1, 2002, amended Subsec. (b) to authorize commissioner to conduct a criminal history records check of applicants and key persons of such applicants, to require applicants to submit fingerprints of such persons, and to require filing of applications with the national mortgage licensing system, amended Subsec. (c) to authorize commissioner to conduct criminal history records check of applicant for an originator license, to require applicant to submit fingerprints as part of application, and to require filing application with such system, and deleted former Subsec. (d) and language in Subsecs. (b)(8) and (c) re registration of originator and substituted language re originator license in Subsec. (c), effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 6, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a)(1) to increase minimum tangible net worth requirement for a mortgage correspondent lender and a mortgage broker, on and after March 2, 2009, to $50,000, to add requirement for branch manager with supervisory authority at each branch office who has at least 3 years’ experience in the mortgage business within the 5 years immediately preceding application for license, to define “experience in the mortgage business”, and to make conforming changes, amended Subsec. (b) to substitute, on and after July 1, 2008, application to Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System for application to commissioner, to delete former Subdivs. (1) to (5) re requirements for application to commissioner and to renumber existing Subdiv. (6) as new Subdiv. (1) re financial statement, to change requirement for financial statement to apply to application for license for main office or renewal of license, rather than for all licenses under section, and substitute “twelve” for “six” months, to add new Subdiv. (2) re bond, to renumber existing Subdiv. (7) as new Subdiv. (3) re evidence of experience and existing Subdiv. (8) as new Subdiv. (4) re other information, to add provision re what is included in evidence of experience of the qualified individual or branch manager, and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (c) to include reference to applications for specified offices, to substitute, on and after July 1, 2008, application to Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System for application to commissioner and to make conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-489. (Formerly Sec. 36-440d). Issuance of licenses. Denial of licenses. (a) If the commissioner finds, upon the filing of an application for a license as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker, that the applicant meets the requirements of subsection (a) of section 36a-488, and that the financial responsibility, character, reputation, integrity and general fitness of the applicant and of the partners thereof if the applicant is a partnership, of the members if the applicant is a limited liability company or association, and of the officers, directors and principal employees if the applicant is a corporation, are such as to warrant belief that the business will be operated soundly and efficiently, in the public interest and consistent with the purposes of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, and sections 36a-760a to 36a-760h, inclusive, the commissioner may thereupon issue the license. If the commissioner fails to make such findings, or if the commissioner finds that the applicant has made a material misstatement in such application, the commissioner shall not issue a license, and shall notify the applicant of the denial and the reasons for such denial. Any denial of an application by the commissioner shall, when applicable, be subject to the provisions of section 46a-80.

(b) Upon the filing of an application for a mortgage loan originator license, the commissioner shall license the mortgage loan originator named in the application unless the commissioner finds that such applicant or mortgage loan originator has made a material misstatement in the application or that the financial responsibility, character, reputation, integrity and general fitness of such mortgage loan originator are not such as to warrant belief that granting such license would be in the public interest and consistent with the purposes of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, and sections 36a-760a to 36a-760h, inclusive. If the commissioner denies an application for a mortgage loan originator license, the commissioner shall notify the applicant and the proposed mortgage loan originator of the denial and the reasons for such denial. Any denial of an application by the commissioner shall, when applicable, be subject to the provisions of section 46a-80.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 5; P.A. 89-347, S. 12; P.A. 94-122, S. 233, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 26; P.A. 02-111, S. 6; P.A. 04-69, S. 4; P.A. 06-45, S. 2; P.A. 07-156, S. 7; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 43.)

History: P.A. 89-347 extended the application of the section to mortgage brokers; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440d transferred to Sec. 36a-489 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made technical changes; P.A. 02-111 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same by requiring commissioner to find that applicant meets requirements of Sec. 36a-488(a), providing that application requirements extend to “partners” in a partnership, and adding provisions re extending application requirements to “members if the applicant is a limited liability company”, re denial of license application based on material misstatement in application, and re denial of application subject to provisions of Sec. 46a-80 and added Subsec. (b) re application for registration of originator; P.A. 04-69 substituted “36a-498a” for “36a-498”; P.A. 06-45 amended Subsec. (a) to require commissioner to deny application for license if commissioner finds that applicant made a material misstatement in application for registration of originator or files application for such registration with knowledge that application contains a material misstatement by originator, and amended Subsec. (b) to require commissioner to register originator named in application unless commissioner finds that originator has made a material misstatement in application and to make technical changes, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-156 replaced language re application for registration of originator and registration with language re application for originator license and license and made conforming changes, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 7, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add mortgage correspondent lender, amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to add references to Secs. 36a-760a to 36a-760h and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision re license remaining in force and effect, effective July 1, 2008.

Subsec. (a):

Although subsec. does not expressly address sole proprietorships, it delineates those individuals to whom commissioner looks in determining the general fitness of various corporate organizations, including principal employees of corporations, and it follows that commissioner reasonably would examine acts of the few employees of sole proprietorship, done in furtherance of its business, in assessing the organization’s character or general fitness. 94 CA 547.

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Sec. 36a-490. (Formerly Sec. 36-440e). License. Requirements for filing information with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System. (a) A mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker license shall not be transferable or assignable. No licensee may use any name other than its legal name or a fictitious name approved by the commissioner, provided such licensee may not use its legal name if the commissioner disapproves use of such name. Any licensee who intends to permanently cease engaging in the business of making mortgage loans or acting as a mortgage broker at any time during a license period for any cause, including, but not limited to, bankruptcy, license revocation or voluntary dissolution, shall file a surrender of the license for each office at which the licensee intends to cease to do business, on the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System, not later than fifteen days after such cessation, provided this requirement shall not apply when a license has been suspended pursuant to section 36a-51.

(b) A mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee may change the name of the licensee or address of the office specified on the most recent filing with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System if (1) at least thirty calendar days prior to such change, the licensee files such change with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and provides, directly to the commissioner, a bond rider or endorsement to the surety bond on file with the commissioner that reflects the new name or address of the office, and (2) the commissioner does not disapprove such change, in writing, or request further information within such thirty-day period. The licensee shall promptly file with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System or, if the information cannot be filed on the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System, directly notify the commissioner, in writing, of any other change in the information provided in the most recent filing with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System.

(c) The mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee shall promptly file with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System or, if the information cannot be filed on the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System, directly notify the commissioner, in writing, of the occurrence of any of the following developments:

(1) Filing for bankruptcy, or the consummation of a corporate restructuring, of the licensee;

(2) Filing of a criminal indictment against the licensee in any way related to the lending or brokerage activities of the licensee, or receiving notification of the filing of any criminal felony indictment or felony conviction of any of the licensee’s officers, directors, members, partners or shareholders owning ten per cent or more of the outstanding stock;

(3) Receiving notification of the institution of license denial, cease and desist, suspension or revocation procedures, or other formal or informal regulatory action by any governmental agency against the licensee and the reasons therefor;

(4) Receiving notification of the initiation of any action by the Attorney General or the attorney general of any other state and the reasons therefor;

(5) Receiving notification of a material adverse action with respect to any existing line of credit or warehouse credit agreement;

(6) Suspension or termination of the licensee’s status as an approved seller or servicer by the Federal National Mortgage Association, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation or Government National Mortgage Association;

(7) Exercise of recourse rights by investors or subsequent assignees of mortgage loans if such loans for which the recourse rights are being exercised, in the aggregate, exceed the licensee’s net worth exclusive of real property and fixed assets;

(8) Receiving notification of filing for bankruptcy of any of the licensee’s officers, directors, members, partners or shareholders owning ten per cent or more of the outstanding stock of the licensee; or

(9) Any proposed change in control in the ownership of the licensee, or among the officers, directors, members or partners of the licensee on a form provided by the commissioner. The commissioner may thereupon cause such investigation to be made as he deems necessary, as if the licensee were applying for an initial license. In the case of a corporation, “change in control” means a change of ownership by a person or group acting in concert to acquire ten per cent or more of any class of voting securities, or the ability of a person or group acting in concert to elect a majority of the directors or otherwise effect a change in policy of the corporation.

(d) Each mortgage loan originator licensee shall promptly file with the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System or, if the information cannot be filed on the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System, directly notify the commissioner, in writing, of the occurrence of any of the following developments:

(1) Filing for bankruptcy of the mortgage loan originator licensee;

(2) Filing of a criminal indictment against the mortgage loan originator licensee;

(3) Receiving notification of the institution of license or registration denial, cease and desist, suspension or revocation procedures, or other formal or informal regulatory action by any governmental agency against the mortgage loan originator licensee and the reasons therefor; or

(4) Receiving notification of the initiation of any action against the mortgage loan originator licensee by the Attorney General or the attorney general of any other state and the reasons therefor.

(e) Each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker and mortgage loan originator license shall remain in force and effect until it has been surrendered, revoked, suspended or expires, or is no longer effective, in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 6; P.A. 89-347, S. 13; P.A. 94-122, S. 234, 340; P.A. 97-22, S. 1; P.A. 02-111, S. 7; P.A. 04-69, S. 5; P.A. 07-91, S. 3; 07-156, S. 8; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 44.)

History: P.A. 89-347 amended Subsec. (a) by adding the reference to a licensee acting as a mortgage broker in more than one location; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440e transferred to Sec. 36a-490 in 1995; P.A. 97-22 made a technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by changing requirement re license from “prominently posted in each place of business of the licensee” to “maintained at the location for which the license was issued and shall be available for public inspection”, by changing requirement re change of location from prior approval to prior written notice and by making technical changes, amended Subsec. (b) by deleting former notice requirements and adding provision requiring licensee to promptly notify commissioner of any change in the information provided in the application and amended Subsec. (c) by replacing reference to Sec. 36a-495 with reference to Sec. 36a-498; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute “36a-498a” for “36a-498”; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provision requiring only prior written notice to commissioner for any change of location of a licensee, and amended Subsec. (b) to allow licensee to change name or location specified on its license if, at least 21 calendar days prior to change, licensee provides written notice to commissioner on a form satisfactory to commissioner and a bond rider or endorsement to surety bond on file and commissioner does not disapprove change, in writing, or request further information within such 21-day period; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a) to insert “mortgage lender and first mortgage broker” re license, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 8, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add mortgage correspondent lender, to delete provisions re business at more than one location, to substitute legal name or fictitious name approved by commissioner for name stated on license, to add provisions re licensee who ceases to engage in business and to make conforming changes, amended Subsec. (b) to substitute “thirty” for “twenty-one” calendar days and “thirty-day” for “twenty-one-day” period and provide for filing with Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System, added new Subsecs. (c) and (d) re notification requirements, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (e) and made conforming changes therein, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-491. (Formerly Sec. 36-440f). Expiration of licenses. Applications for renewal. Fees. (a)(1) The expiration date of any mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker license that expires on September 30, 2008, shall be extended to the close of business on December 31, 2008. On and after July 1, 2008, each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker license shall expire at the close of business on December thirty-first of the year in which it is approved, unless such license is renewed, and provided any such license that is approved on or after November first shall expire at the close of business on December thirty-first of the year following the year in which it is approved. An application for renewal of a license shall be filed between November first and December thirty-first of the year in which the license expires, provided a licensee may file a renewal application not later than March first of the following year together with a late fee of one hundred dollars. Any such filing after December thirty-first shall be deemed timely and sufficient for purposes of subsection (b) of section 4-182. Each applicant for a license or renewal of a license as a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender shall pay to the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System any required fees or charges and a license fee of eight hundred dollars, and each applicant for an initial or renewal license as a mortgage broker shall pay to the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System any required fees or charges and a license fee of four hundred dollars, provided each mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender licensee who is a licensee on September 30, 2008, who submits a renewal application shall, at the time of making such application, pay to the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System any required fees or charges and a license fee of nine hundred dollars and each mortgage broker who was a licensee on June 30, 2008, who submits a renewal application shall, at the time of making such application, pay to the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System any required fees or charges and a license fee of four hundred fifty dollars.

(2) Each mortgage loan originator license shall expire at such time as the license of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker that employs or retains the mortgage loan originator expires, unless such mortgage loan originator license is renewed. Each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker applicant and each mortgage lender licensee, mortgage correspondent lender licensee or mortgage broker licensee that files an application for a mortgage loan originator license shall pay to the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System any required fees or charges and a license fee of one hundred dollars for each mortgage loan originator, provided each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker who is a licensee on September 30, 2008, who submits a renewal application for a mortgage loan originator shall, at the time of making such application, pay to the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System any required fees or charges and a license fee of one hundred twenty-five dollars. On and after January 1, 2010, each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker filing an application for a mortgage loan originator license shall pay a license fee of one hundred dollars for each mortgage loan originator and any required fees or charges to the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System.

(b) All fees paid pursuant to this section, including fees paid in connection with an application that is denied or withdrawn prior to the issuance of the license, shall be nonrefundable, provided such fees paid by an originator for a license that is not sponsored by a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker may be refundable. No fee paid pursuant to this section shall be prorated if the license is surrendered, revoked or suspended prior to the expiration of the period for which it was approved.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 7; P.A. 88-150, S. 5; P.A. 89-347, S. 14; P.A. 92-89, S. 7, 20; P.A. 94-104, S. 5; P.A. 96-71, S. 2, 8; P.A. 99-36, S. 27; P.A. 02-111, S. 8; P.A. 04-69, S. 6; P.A. 05-46, S. 2; P.A. 06-45, S. 3; P.A. 07-156, S. 9; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 45.)

History: P.A. 88-150 amended Subsec. (a) by providing that the license fee is nonrefundable and adding the provision re the expiration of licenses on September thirtieth; P.A. 89-347 added references to mortgage brokers, establishing license fee for mortgage brokers; P.A. 92-89 increased the fee applicable to lender’s and combination licenses from $250 to $400 and increased the fee applicable to broker’s licenses from $100 to $200; P.A. 94-104 changed the license renewal deadline from September tenth to September first and added a $100 late fee in Subsec. (a), and added Subsec. (a)(2) re applications filed by a licensee whose license expired within 60 days of his application; Sec. 36-440f transferred to Sec. 36a-491 in 1995; P.A. 96-71 clarified that all license fees required by this section are nonrefundable, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 99-36 made a technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by providing for license expiration at the close of business on September thirtieth of the even-numbered year following its issuance unless renewed, adding provisions re fee of $800 for first mortgage lender and first mortgage correspondent lender licenses and fee of $400 for first mortgage broker license, adding provisions re lesser fee if application filed not earlier than one year before expiration date, making conforming and technical changes and incorporating provisions of existing Subdiv. (2) into Subdiv. (1) and adding new Subdiv. (2) re application and fees for registration of originator, and amended Subsec. (b) by adding “or registration”; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsec. (a) to change reference to each license issued pursuant to section “36a-489”, in lieu of “this” section, and to substitute “36a-498a” for “36a-498” in Subdiv. (1), and add Subdiv. (3) requiring commissioner to automatically suspend license or registration if commissioner determines that a check filed to pay the license or registration fee has been dishonored and requiring commissioner to give notice of the automatic suspension pending proceedings for revocation or refusal to renew and an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with Sec. 36a-51; P.A. 05-46 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to provide that renewal application filed with commissioner after September first, accompanied by late fee, shall be deemed to be timely and sufficient for purposes of Sec. 4-182(b); P.A. 06-45 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to delete proviso re prorated registration fee of $50 for originator for application filed not earlier than one year before date license expires; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to delete requirement that applicants pay various license fees to commissioner and substitute requirement that applicants, including applicants for a first mortgage broker license, pay the required license fee and processing fee for an initial or renewal application to the national mortgage licensing system and to change date of expiration of licenses issued pursuant to Sec. 36a-489 from September 30th of even-numbered year following issuance to December 31 of year following issuance, amended Subsec. (a)(2) to delete references to registration and to substitute references to license re originators, to require applicants for originator license to pay required license and processing fees for an initial or renewal application to the national mortgage licensing system in lieu of commissioner and to provide that license shall expire on December 31 of year following issuance, deleted former Subsec. (a)(3), and amended Subsec. (b) to delete references to registration, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 9, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to expand provisions re date of expiration of licenses, add time frame for renewal of licenses and license fees and make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (b) to add provisions allowing certain originator fees to be refundable and preventing prorating, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-492. (Formerly Sec. 36-440g). Surety bond required. Cancellation of bond. Notice. (a) No mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker license, and no renewal thereof, shall be granted unless the applicant has filed a bond with the commissioner written by a surety authorized to write such bonds in this state, in the sum of forty thousand dollars, the form of which shall be approved by the Attorney General, provided on and after August 1, 2009, the bond shall be in the sum of eighty thousand dollars. Such bond shall be conditioned upon such licensee faithfully performing any and all written agreements or commitments with or for the benefit of borrowers and prospective borrowers, truly and faithfully accounting for all funds received from a borrower or prospective borrower by the licensee in the licensee’s capacity as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or a mortgage broker, and conducting such mortgage business consistent with the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive. Any borrower or prospective borrower who may be damaged by failure to perform any written agreements or commitments, or by the wrongful conversion of funds paid by a borrower or prospective borrower to a licensee, may proceed on such bond against the principal or surety thereon, or both, to recover damages. Commencing August 1, 2009, any borrower or prospective borrower who may be damaged by a licensee’s failure to satisfy a judgment against the licensee arising from the making or brokering of a nonprime home loan, as defined in section 36a-760, may proceed on such bond against the principal or surety thereon, or both, to recover the amount of the judgment. The commissioner may proceed on such bond against the principal or surety thereon, or both, to collect any civil penalty imposed upon the licensee pursuant to subsection (a) of section 36a-50 and any unpaid costs of examination of the licensee as determined pursuant to section 36a-65. The proceeds of the bond, even if commingled with other assets of the licensee, shall be deemed by operation of law to be held in trust for the benefit of such claimants against the licensee in the event of bankruptcy of the licensee and shall be immune from attachment by creditors and judgment creditors. The bond shall run concurrently with the period of the license granted to the applicant, and the aggregate liability under the bond shall not exceed the penal sum of the bond.

(b) The surety company shall have the right to cancel the bond at any time by a written notice to the licensee stating the date cancellation shall take effect. Such notice shall be sent by certified mail to the licensee at least thirty days prior to the date of cancellation. A surety bond shall not be cancelled unless the surety company notifies the commissioner in writing not less than thirty days prior to the effective date of cancellation.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 8; P.A. 89-347, S. 15; P.A. 90-277; P.A. 94-122, S. 235, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 28; P.A. 02-111, S. 9; P.A. 04-69, S. 7; P.A. 07-156, S. 10; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 46, 47.)

History: P.A. 89-347 extended the application of the section to mortgage brokers; P.A. 90-277 reduced the required bond sum from $50,000 to $40,000; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440g transferred to Sec. 36a-492 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made technical changes; P.A. 02-111 added provision re performance “for the benefit” of borrowers and prospective borrowers, changed any “person” to any “borrower or perspective borrower”, added provisions re commissioner to proceed on bond to collect civil penalty imposed pursuant to Sec. 36a-50(a) and re bond proceeds deemed to be held in trust and immune from attachment, and made conforming and technical changes; P.A. 04-69 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), substituting “36a-498a” for “36a-498” therein, and added Subsec. (b) giving surety company the right to cancel the bond at any time by written notice to licensee, specifying manner of notice, requiring surety company to notify commissioner in writing prior to cancellation, requiring commissioner to automatically suspend license on date cancellation takes effect, unless bond has been replaced or renewed, and requiring commissioner to give licensee notice of automatic suspension pending proceedings for revocation or refusal to renew and an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with Sec. 36a-51; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a) to insert “mortgage lender or first mortgage broker” re license, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 10, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add “mortgage correspondent lender”, to increase amount of bond to $80,000 on and after August 1, 2009, to add provision, commencing August 1, 2009, for borrower or prospective borrower of nonprime home loan to proceed on bond to recover amount of judgment, to allow commissioner to proceed on bond to collect any unpaid costs of examination of licensee and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision re automatic suspension of license when bond is cancelled, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-493. (Formerly Sec. 36-440h). Records to be maintained by licensee. (a) Each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker licensee shall maintain adequate records of each loan transaction at the office named in the license, or, if requested by the commissioner, shall make such records available at such office or send such records to the commissioner by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or by any express delivery carrier that provides a dated delivery receipt, not later than five business days after requested by the commissioner to do so. Upon request, the commissioner may grant a licensee additional time to make such records available or send them to the commissioner. Such records shall provide the following information: (1) A copy of any disclosures required under part III of chapter 669; (2) whether the licensee acted as a mortgage lender, a mortgage correspondent lender, a mortgage broker, a mortgage lender and a mortgage broker, or a mortgage correspondent lender and a mortgage broker; (3) if the licensee is acting as a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender, and retains the mortgage loan or receives payments thereon, an adequate loan history for those loans retained or upon which payments are received, itemizing the amount and date of each payment and the unpaid balance at all times; (4) the purpose for which the loan was made; (5) the original or an exact copy of the note, loan agreement or other evidence of indebtedness and mortgage deed; (6) a statement signed by the borrower acknowledging the receipt of such statement which discloses the full amount of any fee, commission or consideration paid to the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker for all services in connection with the origination and settlement of the mortgage loan; (7) the name and address of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and the mortgage broker, if any, involved in the loan transaction; (8) a copy of the initial and a copy of the final mortgage loan application taken from the borrower; and (9) a copy of all information used in evaluating the application.

(b) For each loan that is made and serviced by a licensee, the licensee shall retain: (1) The records of such loan transaction for not less than two years following the final payment thereon, or the assignment of such loan, whichever occurs first, or such longer period as may be required by any other provision of law, and (2) copies of the note, HUD-1 settlement statement or other settlement statement, or such other records as are sufficient to verify the mortgage lender’s or mortgage correspondent lender’s compliance with section 36a-498a for not less than five years from the date of the transaction.

(c) For each loan transaction in which a licensee acts as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker but does not service the loan, the licensee shall retain: (1) The records of such loan transaction for not less than two years from the date of the transaction or such longer period as may be required by any other provision of law, and (2) copies of the note, HUD-1 settlement statement or other settlement statement, or such other records as are sufficient to verify the mortgage lender’s or mortgage correspondent lender’s compliance with section 36a-498a for not less than five years from the date of the transaction.

(d) Any person who furnishes to a licensee any records required to be maintained under this section or any information necessary to complete such records may charge a fee to the licensee in an amount not to exceed fifty dollars.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 9; P.A. 89-347, S. 16; P.A. 90-184, S. 8; P.A. 94-122, S. 236, 340; P.A. 02-111, S. 10; P.A. 07-156, S. 11; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 48, 49.)

History: P.A. 89-347 amended Subsec. (a) by inserting new Subdiv. (2) requiring the licensee to state whether it acted as a mortgage lender, a mortgage broker or any combination thereof and renumbering the remaining subdivisions in Subsec. (a) and adding Subsec. (a)(6) re the borrower’s statement, made a technical change in Subsec. (c) and added Subsec. (d) re record retention requirements for mortgage brokers; P.A. 90-184 added Subsec. (e) authorizing a fee to be charged for records or information furnished to a licensee; P.A. 94-122 changed “commissioner or his representative” to “commissioner” and “any combination thereof” to “both” in Subsec. (a), deleted Subsec. (b) re examination of books and records of licensees, and relettered former Subsecs. (c) through (e) as Subsecs. (b) through (d), effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440h transferred to Sec. 36a-493 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) to change where records are maintained or made available from “place of business” to “location” named in the license, to replace references to “mortgage broker” with reference to “first mortgage broker”, to add new Subdiv. (7) re name and address of broker and to make technical changes, amended Subsec. (b) to increase record retention period for licensees who make or service loans from one to two years following final payment or assignment, or such longer retention period as may be required by law, and amended Subsec. (c) by deleting reference to licensee acting as a “mortgage broker” and substituting “mortgage lender or first mortgage broker but does not service the loan” and by making technical changes; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a) to insert “mortgage lender and first mortgage broker” re licensee, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 11, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add provisions re sending records to commissioner and re granting of additional time, to add “mortgage correspondent lender”, to add, in Subdiv. (5), “loan agreement or other evidence of indebtedness”, to add Subdivs. (8) and (9) re copy of loan application and information used in evaluating application, and to make conforming changes, amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to designate existing provisions re records of loan transaction as Subdiv. (1) and add Subdiv. (2) re copies of note, HUD-1 settlement statement or other settlement statement or other records, and further amended Subsec. (c) to add “mortgage correspondent lender” and make a conforming change, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-494. (Formerly Sec. 36-440i). Suspension, revocation or refusal to renew license or taking of other action. (a)(1) The commissioner may suspend, revoke or refuse to renew any mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker license or take any other action, in accordance with the provisions of section 36a-51, for any reason which would be sufficient grounds for the commissioner to deny an application for such license under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, or if the commissioner finds that the licensee or any proprietor, director, officer, member, partner, shareholder, trustee, employee or agent of such licensee has done any of the following: (A) Made any material misstatement in the application; (B) committed any fraud, misappropriated funds or misrepresented, concealed, suppressed, intentionally omitted or otherwise intentionally failed to disclose any of the material particulars of any mortgage loan transaction, including disclosures required by subdivision (6) of subsection (a) of section 36a-493, or part III of chapter 669 or regulations adopted pursuant thereto, to anyone entitled to such information; (C) violated any of the provisions of this title or of any regulations adopted pursuant thereto, or any other law or regulation applicable to the conduct of its business; or (D) failed to perform any agreement with a licensee or a borrower.

(2) The commissioner may suspend, revoke or refuse to renew any mortgage loan originator license or take any other action, in accordance with the provisions of section 36a-51, for any reason which would be sufficient grounds for the commissioner to deny an application for such license under sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, or if the commissioner finds that the licensee has committed any fraud, misappropriated funds, misrepresented, concealed, suppressed, intentionally omitted or otherwise intentionally failed to disclose any of the material particulars of any mortgage loan transaction or has violated any of the provisions of this title or of any regulations adopted pursuant to such title or any other law or regulation applicable to the conduct of such licensee’s business.

(b) Whenever it appears to the commissioner that any person has violated, is violating or is about to violate any of the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, or any regulation adopted pursuant thereto, or any licensee has failed to perform any agreement with a borrower, committed any fraud, misappropriated funds or misrepresented, concealed, suppressed, intentionally omitted or otherwise intentionally failed to disclose any of the material particulars of any mortgage loan transaction, including disclosures required by subdivision (6) of subsection (a) of section 36a-493, or part III of chapter 669 or regulations adopted pursuant thereto, to anyone entitled to such information, the commissioner may take action against such person or licensee in accordance with sections 36a-50 and 36a-52.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 10; P.A. 86-403, S. 78, 132; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 89-347, S. 17; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-194, S. 5, 7; P.A. 94-122, S. 237, 340; P.A. 99-36, S. 29; P.A. 00-61, S. 2, 9; P.A. 02-111, S. 11; P.A. 04-69, S. 8; P.A. 05-46, S. 3; P.A. 06-45, S. 4; P.A. 07-91, S. 17; 07-156, S. 12; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 50.)

History: P.A. 86-403 deleted reference to chapter 657a in Subsec. (a); P.A. 88-230 replaced “judicial district of Hartford-New Britain” with “judicial district of Hartford”, effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 89-347 amended Subsec. (a) by adding failure to make disclosures required by Sec. 36-440h(a)(6) as grounds for suspending, revoking or refusing to renew a license; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-194 specified that provisions apply to persons who are not licensed as well as to licensees, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 94-122 deleted Subsec. (c) re cease and desist provisions and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440i transferred to Sec. 36a-494 in 1995; P.A. 99-36 made technical changes; P.A. 00-61 amended Subsec. (b) by adding language re licensee’s failure to perform an agreement with a borrower, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and, within said Subdiv., redesignating existing Subdivs. (1) to (4) as Subparas. (A) to (D), replacing “owner” with “proprietor”, adding reference to misappropriated funds in Subpara. (B), replacing former statutory references with reference to “this title” in Subpara. (C) and adding reference to licensee in Subpara. (D), and by adding new Subdiv. (2) re commissioner’s authority to suspend, revoke or refuse to renew registration of originator; P.A. 04-69 substituted “36a-498a” for “36a-498” throughout and amended Subsec. (b) to allow commissioner to take action against violator or licensee in accordance with Sec. 36a-52; P.A. 05-46 amended Subsec. (b) to allow commissioner to impose civil penalty or issue cease and desist order against licensees and registrants who commit fraud, misappropriate funds or misrepresent, conceal, suppress, intentionally omit or otherwise intentionally fail to disclose any material particulars of mortgage loan transaction to anyone entitled to such information; P.A. 06-45 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to provide that violations of title 36a or regulations or any other law applicable to conduct of registrant’s business are grounds for suspension, revocation or refusal to renew registration of originator, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-91 amended Subsec. (a)(1) and (2) to authorize commissioner to take any other action, in accordance with provisions of Sec. 36a-51, effective June 5, 2007; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to insert “mortgage lender or first mortgage broker” re license, amended Subsec. (a)(2) to substitute “license” and “licensee” for “registration” and “registrant”, and amended Subsec. (b) to delete references to “registrant”, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 12, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, and amended Subsec. (a) to add “mortgage correspondent lender”, make conforming changes and, in Subdiv. (2), include findings that licensee has “concealed, suppressed, intentionally omitted or otherwise intentionally failed to disclose” any material particulars, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-495. (Formerly Sec. 36-440j). Regulations. Section 36a-495 is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 11; P.A. 99-36, S. 30; P.A. 02-111, S. 51.)

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Sec. 36a-496. (Formerly Sec. 36-440k). Applications and referrals from unlicensed mortgage brokers or loan originators. No person engaged in the business of making mortgage loans in this state, whether licensed in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, or exempt from licensing, shall accept applications or referral of applicants from, or pay a fee to, any mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator who is required to be licensed under said sections but was not, as of the time of the performance of such mortgage broker’s or mortgage loan originator’s services in connection with loans made or to be made by the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender, licensed to act as such by the commissioner, if the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender has actual knowledge that the mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator was not licensed by the commissioner.

(P.A. 91-306, S. 2; P.A. 02-111, S. 12; P.A. 04-69, S. 9; P.A. 07-156, S. 13; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 51.)

History: Sec. 36-440k transferred to Sec. 36a-496 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 extended prohibition to include accepting applications or referrals of applications from, or payment of fees to, unregistered originators and replaced references to “mortgage broker” with references to “first mortgage broker”; P.A. 04-69 substituted “36a-498a” for “36a-498”; P.A. 07-156 deleted references to “registered”, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 13, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, added language re person not licensed at the time of performance of services, added references to “mortgage correspondent lender” and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-497. (Formerly Sec. 36-440l). Advertisements. No mortgage lender licensee, mortgage correspondent lender licensee or mortgage broker licensee shall:

(1) Advertise or cause to be advertised in this state, any mortgage loan in which such person intends to act only as a mortgage broker unless the advertisement includes the following statement, clearly and conspicuously expressed: MORTGAGE BROKER ONLY, NOT A MORTGAGE LENDER OR MORTGAGE CORRESPONDENT LENDER; or

(2) In connection with an advertisement in this state, use (A) a simulated check; (B) a comparison between the loan payments under the mortgage loan offered and the loan payments under a hypothetical loan or extension of credit, unless the advertisement includes, with respect to both the hypothetical loan or extension of credit and the mortgage loan being offered, the interest rate, the loan balance, the total amount of finance charges, the total number of payments and the monthly payment amount that would be required to pay off the outstanding loan balance shown; (C) representations such as “verified as eligible”, “eligible”, “preapproved”, “prequalified” or similar words or phrases, without also disclosing, in immediate proximity to and in similar size print, language which sets forth prerequisites to qualify for the mortgage loan, including, but not limited to, income verification, credit check, and property appraisal or evaluation; or (D) any words or symbols in the advertisement or on the envelope containing the advertisement that give the appearance that the mailing was sent by a government agency.

(P.A. 91-306, S. 3; P.A. 94-122, S. 238, 340; P.A. 99-63, S. 3; P.A. 02-111, S. 13; P.A. 08-176, S. 52.)

History: P.A. 94-122 made a technical change, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440l transferred to Sec. 36a-497 in 1995; P.A. 99-63 designated existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), changing “in any medium” to “in this state” and making technical changes, and added Subdiv. (2) re advertising restrictions; P.A. 02-111 amended Subdiv. (1) to replace reference to “mortgage broker” with reference to “first mortgage broker”; P.A. 08-176 added references to mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker licensees and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-498. (Formerly Sec. 36-440m). Refundability of advance fees. Exceptions. Prohibited acts by mortgage lenders, correspondent lenders, brokers and loan originators re borrowers. (a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, every advance fee paid or given, directly or indirectly, to a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, shall be refundable.

(b) No mortgage loan originator required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, shall accept payment of any advance fee except an advance fee on behalf of a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as prohibiting the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker licensee from paying a mortgage loan originator all or part of an advance fee, provided such advance fee paid is not refundable under this section.

(c) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply if: (1) The person providing the advance fee and the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker agree in writing that the advance fee shall not be refundable, in whole or in part; and (2) the written agreement complies in all respects with the provisions of subsection (d) of this section.

(d) An agreement under subsection (c) of this section shall meet all of the following requirements to be valid and enforceable: (1) The agreement shall be dated, signed by both parties, and be executed prior to the payment of any advance fee; (2) the agreement shall expressly state the total advance fee required to be paid and any amount of the advance fee that shall not be refundable; (3) the agreement shall clearly and conspicuously state any conditions under which the advance fee will be retained by the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker; (4) the term “nonrefundable” shall be used to describe each advance fee or portion thereof to which the term is applicable, and shall appear in boldface type in the agreement each time it is used; and (5) the form of the agreement shall (A) be separate from any other forms, contracts, or applications utilized by the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker, (B) contain a heading in a size equal to at least ten-point boldface type that shall title the form “AGREEMENT CONCERNING NONREFUNDABILITY OF ADVANCE FEE”, (C) provide for a duplicate copy which shall be given to the person paying the advance fee at the time of payment of the advance fee, and (D) include such other specifications as the commissioner may by regulation prescribe.

(e) An agreement under subsection (c) of this section that does not meet the requirements of subsection (d) of this section shall be voidable at the election of the person paying the advance fee.

(f) (1) No mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, shall enter into an agreement with or otherwise require any person to pay the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker for any fee, commission or other valuable consideration lost as a result of such person failing to consummate a mortgage loan, provided the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker may collect such fee, commission or consideration as an advance fee subject to the requirements of this section.

(2) No mortgage broker required to be licensed pursuant to sections 36a-485 to 36a-498a, inclusive, shall enter into an agreement with or otherwise require any person to pay the mortgage broker any fee, commission or other valuable consideration for the prepayment of the principal of a mortgage loan by such person before the date on which the principal is due.

(g) (1) For the purposes of this subsection:

(A) “Unfair or deceptive act or practice” means (i) the failure to clearly and conspicuously state in the initial phase of the solicitation that the solicitor is not affiliated with the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker with which the consumer initially applied, (ii) the failure to clearly and conspicuously state in the initial phase of the solicitation that the solicitation is based on personal information about the consumer that was purchased, directly or indirectly, from a consumer reporting agency without the knowledge or permission of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker with which the consumer initially applied, (iii) the failure in the initial solicitation to comply with the provisions of the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act relating to prescreening solicitations that use consumer reports, including the requirement to make a firm offer of credit to the consumer, or (iv) knowingly or negligently using information from a mortgage trigger lead (I) to solicit consumers who have opted out of prescreened offers of credit under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, or (II) to place telephone calls to consumers who have placed their contact information on a federal or state Do Not Call list; and

(B) “Mortgage trigger lead” means a consumer report obtained pursuant to Section 604 (c)(1)(B) of the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC 1681b, where the issuance of the report is triggered by an inquiry made with a consumer reporting agency in response to an application for credit. “Mortgage trigger lead” does not include a consumer report obtained by a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender that holds or services existing indebtedness of the applicant who is the subject of the report.

(2) No mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or mortgage loan originator shall engage in an unfair or deceptive act or practice in soliciting an application for a mortgage loan when such solicitation is based, in whole or in part, on information contained in a mortgage trigger lead. Any violation of this subsection shall be deemed an unfair or deceptive trade practice under subsection (a) of section 42-110b.

(P.A. 92-132, S. 4, 5; P.A. 94-122, S. 239, 340; P.A. 02-111, S. 14; P.A. 04-69, S. 10; P.A. 06-45, S. 5; P.A. 07-118, S. 1; 07-156, S. 14; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 53.)

History: P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440m transferred to Sec. 36a-498 in 1995; P.A. 02-111 replaced references to “mortgage broker” with references to “first mortgage broker” throughout, added new Subsec. (b) re acceptance of advance fee by originator, redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) to (d) as Subsecs. (c) to (e) and made technical changes throughout; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to substitute “36a-498a” for “36a-498”; P.A. 06-45 added Subsec. (f) to prohibit mortgage lenders and first mortgage brokers from entering into agreements with borrowers to compensate licensees for fees, commissions or other valuable consideration lost if borrowers fail to close loan unless compensation is collected as advance fee and to prohibit first mortgage brokers from imposing fees, commissions or other valuable consideration on borrowers for prepayment of principal of loan, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-118 added Subsec. (g) to define “unfair or deceptive act or practice” and “mortgage trigger lead”, to prohibit mortgage lenders and first mortgage brokers from engaging in an unfair or deceptive act or practice in soliciting application for a first mortgage loan if solicitation is based in any way on a mortgage trigger lead, and to provide that violation is deemed an unfair or deceptive trade practice under Sec. 42-110b(a); P.A. 07-156 amended Subsec. (b) to substitute “licensed” for “registered” and to insert “mortgage lender or first mortgage broker” re licensee, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 14, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, added references to “mortgage correspondent lender” and “mortgage loan originator” and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-498a. Prepaid finance charges; restrictions. Secondary mortgage loan; demand for payment prior to maturity; liability for noncompliance; deed. (a) No mortgage lender licensee or mortgage correspondent lender licensee under section 36a-489 and no person exempt from licensure under subdivisions (1), (2), (5) and (6) of section 36a-487 making a first mortgage loan may charge, impose or cause to be paid, directly or indirectly, prepaid finance charges that exceed in the aggregate, the greater of five per cent of the principal amount of the loan or two thousand dollars. If the proceeds of the loan are used to refinance an existing loan, the aggregate of the prepaid finance charges for the current refinancing and any previous financings by such licensee or exempt person or affiliate of such licensee or exempt person within two years of the current refinancing shall not exceed the greater of five per cent of the principal amount of the initial loan or two thousand dollars. The provisions of this section shall not prohibit such licensee or exempt person from charging, imposing or causing to be paid, directly or indirectly, prepaid finance charges in addition to those permitted by this section in connection with any additional proceeds received by the borrower in the refinancing, provided such prepaid finance charges on the additional proceeds shall not exceed five per cent of the additional proceeds.

(b) (1) No mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender making a secondary mortgage loan may (A) charge, impose or cause to be paid, directly or indirectly, in connection with any secondary mortgage loan transaction, prepaid finance charges that exceed in the aggregate eight per cent of the principal amount of the loan, or (B) include in the loan agreement, under which prepaid finance charges have been assessed, any provision that permits the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender to demand payment of the entire loan balance prior to the scheduled maturity, except that such loan agreement may contain a provision that permits the mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender to demand payment of the entire loan balance if any scheduled installment is in default for more than sixty days or if any condition of default set forth in the mortgage note exists.

(2) Any mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker who fails to comply with the provisions of this subsection shall be liable to the borrower in an amount equal to the sum of: (A) The amount by which the total of all prepaid finance charges exceeds eight per cent of the principal amount of the loan; (B) eight per cent of the principal amount of the loan or two thousand five hundred dollars, whichever is less; and (C) the costs incurred by the borrower in bringing an action under this subsection, including reasonable attorney’s fees, as determined by the court, provided no such mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker shall be liable for more than the amount specified in this subsection in a secondary mortgage loan transaction involving more than one borrower.

(c) For purposes of this section, “additional proceeds” has the same meaning as provided in subdivision (3) of section 36a-746e and “prepaid finance charge” has the same meaning as provided in subdivision (7) of section 36a-746a.

(d) Any mortgage deed to secure a secondary mortgage loan that is recorded in the land records of any town shall contain the word “Mortgage” in the heading, either in capital letters or underscored and shall contain the principal amount of the loan.

(P.A. 01-34, S. 13; P.A. 04-69, S. 11; P.A. 06-45, S. 6: P.A. 07-156, S. 15; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 54.)

History: P.A. 04-69 substituted Subdiv. “(7)” for “(6)” in definition of “prepaid finance charge”; P.A. 06-45 included in prohibition against lenders charging borrowers excessive prepaid finance charges, persons making five or fewer first mortgage loans within any period of 12 consecutive months, effective May 8, 2006; P.A. 07-156 inserted “mortgage lender or first mortgage broker” re licensee, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 15, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same to add “mortgage correspondent lender licensee”, make a technical change and delete definitions of “additional proceeds” and “prepaid finance charge”, added said definitions as Subsec. (c), added Subsec. (b) re secondary mortgage loan and added Subsec. (d) re mortgage deed to secure a secondary mortgage loan, effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-498b. Release of secondary mortgage. Notice of outstanding balance of obligation secured by secondary mortgage. (a) Each mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender and mortgage broker, all as defined in section 36a-485 and licensed under section 36a-489, shall deliver to the mortgagor a release of a secondary mortgage: (1) Upon receipt by such licensee of cash or a certified check in the amount of the outstanding balance of the obligation secured by such mortgage; or (2) upon payment by the payor bank, as defined in section 42a-4-105, of any check that is payable to such licensee or its assignee in the amount of the outstanding balance of the obligation secured by such mortgage.

(b) Each such licensee shall advise any person designated by the mortgagor of the amount of the outstanding balance of the obligation secured by the secondary mortgage granted to such licensee no later than the second business day after the licensee receives a request for such information.

(P.A. 08-176, S. 55.)

History: P.A. 08-176 effective July 1, 2008.

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Sec. 36a-498c. Adoption of mortgage loan policy with respect to subprime mortgage loans and nontraditional mortgage loans. At least once a year, each mortgage lender and mortgage correspondent lender, both as defined in section 36a-485 and licensed under section 36a-489, shall adopt a mortgage loan policy with respect to subprime mortgage loans and nontraditional mortgage loans made by such mortgage lender or such mortgage correspondent lender based on and consistent with the most current version of the Conference of State Bank Supervisors, American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators and National Association of Consumer Credit Administrators Statement on Subprime Mortgage Lending, and the Conference of State Bank Supervisors and American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators Guidance on Nontraditional Mortgage Product Risks. Such licensees shall comply with such policy and develop and implement internal controls that are reasonably designed to ensure such compliance. The mortgage loan policy and any mortgage loan, as defined in section 36a-485, made pursuant to the policy shall be subject to examination concerning prudent lending practices by the Banking Commissioner.

(P.A. 08-176, S. 56.)

History: P.A. 08-176 effective July 1, 2008.

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Secs. 36a-499 to 36a-509. Reserved for future use.

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